Diseases That You Should Watch
Out For - Keeping Pigs Healthy
While pigs are
generally very healthy creatures, they can still get sick. You
should consult with your veterinarian for a vaccination program that
will prevent most common
pig diseases from developing. Below are
some pig diseases that your swine should be routinely inoculated
Atrophic rhinitis is a common disease characterized by inflammation
of the pig's nasal tissues. When infected, the turbinate bones in
the nose are damaged and may shrink or atrophy. In the mild form of
the disease, the inflammation does not progress and the turbinate
bones eventually return to normal. When the disease becomes serious,
however, inflammation is progressive and the nose becomes distorted,
causing respiratory disease to develop. Female pigs should be
vaccinated before farrowing so they will pass on immunity to their
piglets through their milk. Pigs should also be vaccinated twice
before they are weaned.
E. Coli is a bacteria that causes diarrhea in piglets and is usually
caused by fecal contamination of the living environment. Pregnant
females should be vaccinated before farrowing.
Erysipelas is one of the most prevalent
pig diseases, since it is
caused by bacteria that are commonly found in most pig farms that
pigs excrete through their saliva or waste products. This disease
can cause death or compromise the health of the pig by causing heart
infections or chronic arthritis. It can also stunt the growth of
surviving pigs. Pregnant females should be inoculated before
breeding. You should also vaccinate newly-bought feeder pigs if you
are unsure if they have been inoculated.
Leptospirosis is a bacteria-borne disease that can easily spread
throughout the herd if steps are not taken to prevent it. Infected
vulnerable female pigs can spontaneously abort their litters. You
can protect females from these pig diseases by vaccinating gilts
before they are first bred and sows at every subsequent weaning.
Porcine Parvovirus is a virus that can multiply within the pig's
intestine without showing outward symptoms. It is a leading cause of
reproductive failure through spontaneous abortion of the fetus. The
parvovirus is difficult to eliminate from the pig's environment
because it resists most disinfectants and can survive outside the
pig for long periods of time. Pregnant sows should be protected by
vaccination before breeding.
pig diseases that you should watch out for but not
necessarily routinely vaccinate against, because it may not be
cost-effective to do so, are Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, which
causes pneumonia that cause sudden death or retard growth;
Salmonella, which can give pigs severe pneumonia or diarrhea; and
Streptococcus suis, which causes nervous system disease that can
result in chronic arthritis, stunting and heart infection.